View bibliographical record in the Digital Repository. Available in: English. The Pacific Alliance and its economic impact on regional trade and investment: Evaluation and perspectives. International trade and integration. Download Publication pdf. Description The entry into force of the Additional Protocol of the Framework Agreement of the Pacific Alliance in May marked an important step towards the regional integration efforts of its four members: Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Table of contents Abstract. You might be interested in Latin America and the Caribbean in the World International Trade Outlook for Latin America and The South American input-output table: Key Search publications See publications list. Abstract Recently, Asian and Latin American countries have engaged in a series of negotiations to liberalize trade and investment flows. An important feature of the model is that it includes a new way of modeling bilateral investment flows and bilateral investment agreements.
This is especially important given that investment plays a major role in the economic relations of the two regions. Our results show that most countries will benefit from the agreement; nevertheless, the gains of Latin American countries will be higher, especially when all Asian countries participate.
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Discussion Papers. Anderson, James E. Peter, Edwards, Sebastian, Anderson, J. Anderson, Bach, Christian F. Kim, Young-Han, Charles Sawyer W. Blanco Luisa, Blanco, Mario Holzner, You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:jpolmo:vyip See general information about how to correct material in RePEc. For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Haili He.
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about. It is a fact of life that economic activity is geographically clustered, be it because trade costs are lower or because determinants of economic performance, like endowments and institutions, are similar among neighbouring countries.
Policy-makers internationally recognize regional integration as being vital to economic growth and trade, and therefore to the creation of more and better jobs. In addition, in the 21st century, the main motivation for regional integration is to explore the potential for two interrelated channels of trade: the emergence of regional production networks or regional value chains and the development of cross-border trade in services.
Trade in services is often neglected in the analysis of trade complementarity but is gaining more importance, as it continues to grow steadily, contributing to boosting economic growth. In , trade in services accounted for According to the study, the average efficiency gains that countries like Argentina and Mexico could obtain from regional partners outside their sub-region are comparable to those that could be attained by trading with countries elsewhere in the world.
So what is needed to boost intra-regional trade in Latin America? Some of them are obvious — for example, some countries would do well to reduce their tariffs and pursue formal trade agreements. On top of that, though, policy-makers increasingly see three key areas hindering the success of regional, and global, integration:. While addressing hard infrastructure represents an ambitious agenda due to the size of investments needed, more attention could be given to the soft components related to improving trade facilitation and border management.
These are measures that can lead to the reduction of trade costs. Complicated and non-transparent non-tariff measures Non-tariff measures refer to all measures other than tariffs that impact the free flow of goods and services across borders, and include technical measures related to product standards and quality specifications, such as sanitary and phytosanitary standards and technical barriers to trade.
They also include measures such as import licensing, price-control measures, subsidies, and rules of origin. Regulatory constraints to trade in services Opening up to trade is a key mechanism for attracting foreign direct investment and increasing competition in services sectors. It is necessary, however, to ensure that more open trade is coordinated with regulatory reform so that appropriate regulations are in place that address relevant market failures and encourage the competitive provision of services.
Addressing these core challenges with comprehensive strategies that include inputs not just from governments, but also from the private sector, will help secure a more promising future for trade integration in Latin America. The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.
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