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In order for a trade to be successfully executed and accurately recorded, a number of checks and balances must be made. Back office, middle office and front office employees on both the buy-side and the sell-side must validate every stage of the trade life cycle respectively if a trade is to be fully processed.
This, unsurpisingly, is a hugely time-consuming and inefficient process. Countless work-hours can be wasted by inputing the same information over and over again and manually checking whether or not a transaction has been properly executed. This is precisely why a comprehensive trade life cycle management and straight through processing solution is a must-have for modern firms.
Our PATH platform simplifies and automates the entirety of the trade life cycle process, allowing for seamless sharing of data between all relevant parties. While the trade life cycle is intended to simplify record keeping, many firms struggle to manually process increasingly complex financial products across a variety of fragmented systems. Because of this, a good straight-through processing solution is a must-have for modern financial firms. Like all of our solutions, our straight-through processing functionality is powered by our patented PATH system.
You can read more about PATH here. PATH makes every single step of the trade life cycle process easier to manage, from order to settlement. It automates the transfer of relevant data between back and middle office environments of banks, brokers and asset managers. PATH is extremely easy to integrate and is entirely scalable. Our trade life cycle and straight-through processing PATH model is a predefined solution, but it can be changed to give you greater flexibility with your trade life cycle management.
PATH can be modified to reflect the specific business needs of any firm. It has become increasingly popular as an idea since the financial crisis of , and is regarded by many as an essential form of risk management. As we understand it, the lifecycle of a trade can be divided up into 10 steps which can be applied to any single trade. Our trade life cycle diagram in this section lists each of these ten stages. A more in-depth explanation of each stage of the trade life cycle is also provided at the bottom of this page.
In its simplest form, the trade life cycle breaks up a trade into its constituent parts. This is done in order to make every stage of the trade easier to manage and record. However, with so many moving parts involved in every stage of the trade, miscommunication is easy, particularly when all data is being input manually.
This is why a straight-through processing system is such an important requirement for modern firms working in financial services. Put simply, successful asset management requires successful trade life cycle management. The PATH system is designed specifically to manage every stage of the trade life cycle.
It provides a streamlined approach to trade life cycle management that will ensure your firm is as efficient as possible. Among other things, the PATH platform delivers:. In the PATH system, increased trade volumes have minimal impact on operations. This means that it can be scaled with hugely reduced operational costs.
Because PATH provides a totally automated workflow-based solution, the risk of human error at every stage of the trade life cycle is greatly reduced. PATH also provides a transparent and audited view across the full trade life cycle, making operational errors even less likely. The trade life cycle begins when the investor informs the firm that they wish to either buy or sell a particular instrument or product.
The risk management team will check the order and estimate the level of risk. This process will determine whether or not it is safe to complete the proposed order. Once the order has been accepted and validated by the risk management team, it will be sent to the relevant execution venue.
The execution venue then looks for a sell order which matches the buy order placed by the investor or, in the case of a sale, looks for a corresponding buy order. Once a matching order has been found, the trade is completed. Once this step has taken place, the post trade process begins. The brokers on each side of the trade will then confirm that their respective clients agree to the conditions set forth.
These conditions include the price at which the instrument has been traded, the settlement date, and any number of other variable factors. The reconciliation stage of the trade life cycle ensures that all accounts of the trade which has taken place are consistent and accurate.
Reconciliation can be performed in a number of ways, but generally speaking it involves the act of comparing ledgers against statements from both sides of the trade. This sures up any records made and avoids the possibility of fraud or inaccurate record keeping. Once confirmation has taken place, the clearinghouse will make the necessary calculations to determine what is needed from the buy-side and sell-side respectively. Also, in response to the ever-growing flow of goods, services and capital, a whole host of U.
Since the global economy is so interconnected, when large economies suffer recessions, the effects are felt around the world. When trade decreases, jobs and businesses are lost. In the same way that globalization can be a boon for international trade ; it can also have devastating effects. The following Issue in Depth is designed to help you understand some of the fundamental economic principles behind international trade , familiarize you with some of the technical terms, and offer some insight into a few of the controversies surrounding international trade policy both in the United States and abroad.
Contact Us. Trade and Globalization. Introduction Introduction A Snapshot of U. Connect With Us. Trade and Globalization The tremendous growth of international trade over the past several decades has been both a primary cause and effect of globalization.