It was just beginning to introduce new support for full bit applications. Today, Catalina is now ditching an entire era of legacy in drawing the line at only running bit software. That includes the termination of Apple's legacy QuickTime 7 and old apps that relied upon it. Thinning out all the old bit apps and frameworks from Catalina streamlines its codebase and prepares the Mac for a new future of advancement in the upcoming decade of the s. Since the first iPhone shipped in , the influx of new cash from high volume iOS sales has breathed new life into Apple's desktop platform.
Between and , Snow Leopard, Lion, and Mountain Lion took a step back from just frosting new features on the Mac desktop cake and instead began to focus relentlessly on performance and stability. Along the way, the Mac also began incorporating many of the features Apple had created for iOS, including the App Store, multitouch gestures on the trackpad, iCloud documents and data, mobile-savvy Messages, and Notification Center.
Over those last years of California-named releases that began with 's Mavericks, macOS also began copying the free, annual OS updates Apple had introduced earlier for iPhone back in Out of Apple's labs came iBooks, Maps, Photos, technical advances including Metal graphics, the fresh new 'clarity and deference' appearance of iOS 7, and increasingly tight integration between iOS and macOS through wireless Continuity supporting the Handoff of documents and phone calls, AirDrop, and Continuity Camera.
We saw the incorporation of more features of iOS, new shared technologies and frameworks, and a further harmonization and tighter integration with Apple's mobile platforms. This synergy is also evident in hardware. This year, Catalina also incorporates Touch Bar functionality into its new Sidecar feature enabling an iPad with Apple Pencil to work as a markup display and sketching input device.
Catalina also introduces the new SwiftUI designed to accelerate the task of programming advanced user interfaces by leveraging the features of Swift; advanced Machine Learning intelligence used internally throughout macOS and in apps such as Photos and Reminders; a huge expansion of Continuity that turns your iPhone into a sketch pad as well as a scanner and document camera, in addition to upgrading your iPad into a secondary Pencil-enabled display for your modern Mac including a few models released prior to the T2 chip ; and the Catalyst frameworks created to adapt existing UIKit iPad apps to run natively on Catalina.
Catalina also brings the familiar experience of iOS media playback apps, delivering a streamlined iTunes experience that is now optimized for Apple Music — although you can still work with your existing library of media downloads and continue to buy from the iTunes Store if you like. In parallel with iOS 13, Catalina also introduces the new Voice Control for navigating the system verbally.
It's an expansion of Enhanced Dictation that lets you not only input text via speech, but also navigate virtually every aspect of the system with your voice. Like other Accessibility features, it is particularly aimed at opening up the functionality of Apple's hardware to people who can't use traditional input devices. At the same time, it's also a compelling feature enabling new ways for everyone to interact with their devices.
At launch, Voice Control is only supported in U. Macs are also benefitting from Apple's push into new markets internationally. Also like iOS, there is now a Multilingual Setup for macOS that lets users choose their preferred languages for dictation and keyboard right within Setup Assistant.
Apple has also added new support for Indian English Siri voices, 34 new fonts supporting Indic languages, and improvements to keyboard prediction for Japanese and for Cantonese Chinese using the Traditional Chinese Cangjie, Sucheng, Stroke, and Handwriting keyboards.
This makes it easier to access and manage your iCloud settings and all of the information connected to your Apple ID, including Two Factor Authentication and the trusted phone numbers you can use to verify a new account login; your payment and shipping address on file; and your media purchases, including any subscriptions you're signed up for, along with the option to cancel them.
It also conveniently lists all of the devices associated with your Apple ID, along with the Apple Pay accounts set up on each, and a link to "Find My" each device. You're so frequently forced to cough up your Apple ID password that it's not just a nuisance, but also trains you that typing it in repeatedly is normal.
That's a behavior that seems like it would make it easy for a rogue third-party app to ask users for this on the sly. One of the problems I ran into in updating devices throughout the beta period was the constant demand for logging into my Apple account over and over again, something that Touch ID should seem capable of handling for me.
The subject of authentication— balancing security with simplicity— is something Apple continues to work on. Along those lines, while Touch ID seems to be more broadly supported as a way to authenticate, there are still places in System Preferences where you're prompted to enter your password without any support for Touch ID, such as when enabling Apple Watch to unlock your Mac.
However, once you set this up, it unlocks a new feature where almost any prompt to authenticate, from installing a new app to setting an admin level preference, can use either Touch ID or an alert on your connected Apple Watch. This feature, new to Catalina, prompts a vibration on your Watch along with a message to double click on its button to authenticate.
You can also use Apple Watch to authenticate in apps that support Touch ID, such as opening a password-locked note in Notes. One of the hotly anticipated new features of Catalina is support for collaborative Dropbox-like sharing of iCloud folders. This isn't yet available, but Apple notes that it is "coming soon" in an update later this fall, which could be as late as It would be nice to have this now, but I'd rather wait until Apple deems the new service as being safe, reliable, and robust enough for production use.
Another feature that was formerly held up in the betas is macOS Recovery using Time Machine snapshots. In normal operation, Time Machine backs up files to a selected external disk and also saves local " snapshots " on your APFS boot volume as space permits. Time Machine has been saving local snapshots since macOS This could be useful if you install a software update that causes problems for one of your apps; backing up and then restoring to an earlier snapshot will roll back the update and allow you to work as if it had never happened.
We and perhaps you have been working with Apple's Public Betas all summer, running into issues and wonkiness that Apple's engineers have been working to quash in the months since the first beta was delivered to developers in June at WWDC Despite massive improvements, there are certain to still be some surprises lurking in the initial Some of these may be inconsequential, while others may affect your particular workflow.
If you are an early adopter of technology, you've probably already loaded up a Public Beta by now. The latest GM should be nothing more than an improvement. But, if you use professional or specialized software or utilities that are not updated through the Mac App Store, including drivers for certain hardware peripherals or low-level disk imaging utilities, it's probably wisest to let others get failure data for you. Furthermore, Apple has already made it clear that Catalina will officially end support for some deprecated software of its own.
This includes Apple's Aperture, which hasn't been updated since , as well as the old QuickTime 7 and apps that use it rather than the modern media frameworks Apple has replaced it with. Added to this, Apple's new media frameworks are optimized for hardware-accelerated codecs.
If you have old media files from the days of QuickTime, you might need to convert them or at least retain a pre-Catalina boot drive that allows you to work with these legacy media files in the future. Catalina is also the end of the road for bit apps, or apps that make use of bit frameworks or installers that haven't been updated to work as bit code. This is no surprise — Apple has been warning its developers for years that bit code would eventually stop running, so most bit apps have been updated already.
If you're still trying to run iWorks 09, Office , Adobe Creative Suite 5, or other ancient software that's roughly a decade old, Catalina will push you to upgrade into the present era. If you are still using a very old version of an app that isn't automatically updated via the Mac App Store, you might need to find and upgrade these titles on your own.
Examples include popular but old titles such as Transmit 4. Old versions of anti-virus software are also likely to be unsupported. We've gone over how to see what's still bit and installed on your system many times before. Suffice it to say, most bit software is really old stuff. The end of bit apps probably isn't a real issue for you unless you are hobbling along with a museum collection of really ancient apps and games. During the Catalina installation process, any remaining apps that aren't supported will be flagged for you, but reviewing any bit apps you use beforehand is a good idea if you don't want to deal with interruptions or surprises.
Hardware drivers and other low-level software were formerly installed within the macOS kernel as "kernel extensions" kexts for performance reasons. In Catalina, that's no longer necessary. Drivers for USB devices, cloud file providers, and network monitors are now run in user space just like any other app, so if something goes wrong they can't crash the operating system. This move may require updated driver software from hardware vendors to work with Catalina.
Because peripheral drivers, cloud file providers, and other low-level software no longer requires a kext, this software can now be made available through the Mac App Store. Similar to previous efforts on iOS and earlier restrictions in macOS, Catalina imposes new app restrictions that demand your approval before apps can access files in your Documents and Desktop folders, iCloud Drive, or on external volumes.
Apple refers to these policy restrictions as "Data Protections" or more broadly TCC, for "Transparency, Consent, and Control," putting you in clear, aware control of what's happening on your system. New TCC policies in Catalina also prompt you to approve any app before it can capture keyboard activity, or take a photo or video of your screen. A variety of apps have been pushing the boundaries of spying on users in the same way that Smart TVs and Android devices have turned surveillance data collection into one of their primary profit sources.
Apple keeps blocking these efforts on both its Macs and iOS devices. Not allowing TCC access to an app shouldn't cause compatibility problems, but it may prevent the app from working as expected. Catalina changes your hard drive's partition scheme to create a Read-Only system partition separate from the partition where all of your data is saved.
This helps to protect core system software from being overwritten by malicious or buggy software and is an expansion upon the concept of System Integrity Protection that Apple first introduced in macOS Starting with macOS Apple has done the work to make sure that properly coded software won't even notice the Read-Only system partition change, using what it calls "firmlinking" to stitch the two partitions together into a "volume group. This new partition is where all the apps you install are saved, as well as all of your user data.
Older low-level software that made assumptions about the location of system software may run into problems on Catalina. Mike Bombich, the developer of Carbon Copy Cloner, updated his title to work with Catalina this summer.
In a blog posting, he succinctly summarizes how the new system works under the hood. As with the transition to bit apps, Apple has enforced compatibility with Catalina's new Read-Only system partition for Mac App Store titles, so the new change is only an issue for you if you use third-party apps obtained outside of the App Store. APFS supports the ability to create a new volume on an existing disk.
This allows you to install Catalina on your Mac within a new volume , without overwriting your existing installation of Mojave. You can subsequently boot from either system using Startup Disk in System Preferences. Note that having multiple versions of macOS on your system will use up lots of extra space and that each will need to be kept updated to the latest OS version separately.
You'd only want to do this if you are concerned about Catalina being compatible with your older apps, or if you have some reason to boot back into an earlier macOS version for testing purposes. Apple also recommends this as an option for users who want to remain in the public beta program, and want to maintain these advanced updates separate from their regular system.
For most users, installing Catalina in place over your existing installation should not be a problem, and spares you the complication of having to erase your previous install volume at a later date, or waste around 20GB of storage plus any duplicated personal data maintaining a secondary macOS installation. There's also another option you might consider: waiting a month or two for Apple to finish its first or second point release of Catalina.
For professionals who can't afford to discover and address any surprise update issues with their specialized gear or workflows involving pro apps, the new features of Catalina can be postponed until it appears safe to take the plunge.
It's also common practice for enterprise users to wait some period after a major release to make sure there aren't any issues with their custom corporate apps. Last year, Apple delivered That's been the general release pattern over the last several years of macOS releases, so you can plan your update around those milestones if you are in the middle of a large project or otherwise want to delegate the discovery of any surprises to your fellow Mac users.
Also keep in mind that software update issues can occur with any new release and that important fixes can be delivered rapidly after they are discovered. Back in , nearly a month after the release of macOS Apple was already aiming to deliver While it makes sense for some users to be cautious when making a major upgrade, unless you have real cause for concern about your specific workflow, you can be pretty confident that Catalina is safe to install now and that any serious issues that are discovered will be addressed by Apple rapidly.
Of course, installing Catalina is also dependent upon Mac hardware support. Minimum requirements for the new macOS Catalina appear to be nearly the same as for last year's Mojave: Mac computers that support Metal. It also, of course, runs on any new iMac Pro or new Retina MacBooks released in , and supports all of the black cylinder Mac Pros released since One apparent change: Catalina does not support the 5,1 Mac Pro tower models back to Mid , which were supported in Mojave if equipped with a Metal-capable graphics card.
These machines are now six to nine years old, and Apple has now provided a solid upgrade path for Mac Pro users with its newest machines announced at WWDC On supported hardware, you can upgrade to Catalina directly from any "California named" installation, meaning macOS You should back up your existing system using Time Machine before performing an install.
Make sure you free up at least 20GB of space in preparation for installing Catalina. If you are running at least macOS The first option identifies large files you might no longer need. The second offers to upload Desktop and Documents; Photos; and Message to iCloud and remove these from your local drive, downloading them only as needed.
The third removes iTunes movies and TV shows you've already watched and gets rid of any local copies of older mail attachments you've downloaded. Just because Apple is bringing over technology from iOS — including new Catalyst iPad apps — doesn't mean that it's giving up on the things that have made the Mac unique and powerful. One of the clear messages at WWDC19 was that Apple was investing massively at the high end with its new Mac Pro hardware designed for extreme performance in creative and computing workflows that simply aren't possible on mobile devices.
That includes running Apple's Xcode to develop software for all of the iOS devices out there. Across the board, from the iMac 5K and iMac Pro to beefier Mac minis and high performance new MacBook Pros , Apple has positioned its Mac hardware as a premium tier of powerful computers, capable of doing complex, conventional desktop work. For years, Apple has struggled to woo video game developers to its minority desktop platform. Apple Arcade promises to literally change the game for Macs by encouraging and enabling its iOS Arcade partners to bring their titles to the Mac.
These aren't just simple iPad games playable in a Mac window. At WWDC19, Apple demonstrated developers' early efforts to bring titles to the Mac, showing off how games originating on iOS could easily be adapted to take advantage of more memory, larger displays, and higher performance GPUs to deliver Mac games that look and feel native.
Apple Arcade will also enable gamers to move effortlessly between the same games running on their Mac, iPad, iPhone, and Apple TV, starting where they left off on another device. Subscribers can play online or offline, meaning games you download will work even without an Internet connection, and a subscription will support play across a family of up to six players. Families can also set playback limits with the new Screen Time, filtering out allowable games by age rating or other criteria.
Privacy is also a core feature of Arcade, with Apple assuring gamers that titles won't collect personal data or track information about what games they play without their permission. Another new aspect of gaming that Apple has addressed in both iOS 13 and Catalina is support for popular Bluetooth gaming controllers. The absolute biggest new thing for the Mac this year is effectively something many end users won't directly appreciate, but they will certainly benefit from it.
It's Xcode 11 , Apple's integrated development environment for building and debugging the software that runs across Apple's platforms. While many of the features of Xcode 11 are highly technical — Apple offers an accessible overview on its developer site — the new version notably provides an intelligent Assistant Editor that automatically presents relevant files for reference while you work in the primary code editor; a new minimap that presents a thumbnail view of long stretches of code so you can visually jump between regions quickly; support for SwiftUI and its new drag and drop design tools for rapidly prototyping and visualizing in real-time how UI code will look across a variety of devices; and Catalyst support for building native Mac apps from iPad code projects, complete with the power to submit the finished app to the Mac App Store or notarize it for flexible distribution independently.
Xcode 11 is important even to Mac users who never plan to learn app development on their own. That's because developers will have increasingly sophisticated tools to make them more productive and efficient in writing new Mac apps, enhancing and debugging their existing titles, and in bringing many existing iPad titles— including games— to the Mac.
Xcode 11 and Catalyst will enable more "rich app" native experiences for Mac users who would otherwise just get a web app think of Twitter , as well as a broader selection of interactive and educational tools. Another example cited on its developer site is Proloquo2Go , an existing iPad title designed to enable people with disabilities to communicate visually.
Now it runs on Mac. Pluto TV is another developer making use of Catalyst to deliver a Mac version of its software. Other new apps making use of Catalyst to support Macs include Crew , a group chat, scheduling, and task assignment app designed for small business employees, and Zoho Books , an accounting program coming to the Mac with support for Touch Bar, notifications and keyboard shortcuts.
Effectively, Catalyst leverages the efforts of third party programmers serving Apple's hundreds of millions of iOS users. Catalyst makes it easy to bring their feature-complete efforts to the Mac, where there isn't as big of an installed base with the critical mass required to drive smaller niches of demand. That's critically important to a wide range of specialty users, from corporate enterprise development teams to smaller startups seeking to reach the most users as effectively as possible.
Another forward-thinking development idea being introduced in macOS Catalina is Reality Composer , Apple's new app for building Augmented Reality worlds. Apple could have named its new app "Keynote 3D," because it effectively works as a productivity tool for laying out animated USDZ 3D models in space, with attached actions and sound effects that create animated, interactive "presentations" you can view and explore from any camera angle.
You can trigger your defined animations and effects within a "Reality" world via proximity— so that an object begins to interact as you approach it— or at timed intervals or when you tap on it. This enables the creation of the type of rich, interactive AR experiences Apple has shown off at its events— such as the exploded, explorable views of the new Mac Pro at WWDC19— and at its new Apple Park Visitor Center , where iPads allow users to virtually explore around inside various buildings at its new facilities.
Reality Files can also be incorporated into technical, educational, or exploration apps to make it easy for even non-technical authors to build interactive, animated experiences that can be experienced in AR. Developers can further take advantage of the new RealityKit framework featuring a Swift API in Catalina to programmatically build AR scenes that feature the same kind of animations, physics, camera effects and ultra-realistic looking, physics-based rendering with drop shadows and environmental reflections that Reality Composer can create.
Apple has also enhanced ARKit to apply motion blur and even camera grain to AR graphics in order to make them look more realistic when viewed through a mobile camera, composited on real-world video. Apple is investing a lot into making the Mac into an AR creation machine. The rapid advancements in ARKit over just the past year might make it seem like Apple is throwing a lot of resources at a technology that might initially appear to be best at simply adding some extra novelty to games.
But at WWDC19, two comments jumped out at me that really underlined why Apple is making AR such a priority, and why today's ARKit isn't a repeat of initiatives like Apple's mid 90's QuickTime VR— a fun, futuristic platform for creating explorable worlds that never really found its niche. There's a real business model supporting the use of AR in commerce apps. Companies that have embraced AR as a way to demonstrate the placement of products right in a customer's home have seen an increase in sales of around three times.
Money makes things happen! Additionally, developers working in education noted that AR has been significant in grabbing and retaining the attention of young people. You might think of it as the modern equivalent of seeing the teacher roll the VHS player into the classroom.
When you see young minds light up, that power of engagement in education is just as compelling as money. It's not hard to speculate about where Apple might be taking AR in the future, from 'video AirPods for your eyes' to perhaps windshields. Whatever future hardware arrives to make AR even more relevant and engaging than today's iOS devices, Apple wants to be ready for it with a platform that can build the "reality" for AR and VR experiences.
That future is arriving quickly with the expanded AR development tools and frameworks in macOS Catalina. Core ML 3 can now not only run local ML right on your iOS device, but can even personalize ML models so that your apps can learn your preferences and routines and adjust intelligently in a way that's specific to you, leveraging the same type of individual learning that let Face ID adapt to your appearance as you change your hair, glasses, and clothing. This local learning is entirely private to you, so you don't have to worry about apps building detailed dossiers about you that somehow end up on some server that Facebook or Yahoo decided to leave out in the open and totally unencrypted.
On the Mac, developers can now use Create ML to develop and train their models using libraries of sample data right on their machine, without needing to rely on a model training server. In parallel with ARKit and Reality Composer, Create ML is building out an entirely new creative purpose for Macs, both in developing intelligent Mac titles as well as iOS apps with super-smart intelligence that grows and develops over time. In Catalina, Apple is working to make these tools both easy to use and powerful.
Over the past two decades, Apple has created and evolved a series of "iApps" that it began bundling with its new Mac hardware. Catalina's Photos 5. In fact, Photos is sort of emblematic of the current direction Apple is taking in its coordinated advancement of both its mobile devices and the Mac. Photos uses Machine Learning-driven intelligence to identify your best shots, where subjects are in focus and well framed. Internally, macOS Catalina now supports new ML Vision frameworks that can identify not just the most visually interesting photos, but also the most interesting parts of a photo , a concept Apple refers to as "saliency.
This enables Photos to automatically crop and arrange your images in Days previews that appear to be professional created albums, presenting your friends, family, action clips, and landscapes in great looking previews. When you open an image, you get the full picture in its original format, and can manually crop and adjust it with non-destructive edits. The underlying intelligence lays out various sizes of your images along with animated Live Photos and videos that individually spring to life as you scroll through them.
It's even smart enough to know not to play everything back at once, creating a vibrant, visually interesting portfolio of your best shots that isn't excessively busy. For example, in the Months view of my photos below, the Seattle Center fountain begins to animate because I shot it in SloMo, then the underwater swimming video captured using an iPhone plays back, followed by a video of people shooting off the slide at the Eclipse Festival.
These sequentially timed, animated events that play as I navigate through my library of monthly photos from a couple of years ago is both nostalgic and touching, and makes me want to dive in and see more images related to specific adventures and travels from that summer. When you review Months and Years, you see a smaller selection of what Photos deems to be the highlights of recent months or past years.
Select a year image and it opens up your monthly albums from that year. Select a month image and it reveals the related top photos from those days. However, there isn't an obvious way to edit the "thoroughly artificial" intelligent selections Photos comes up with, apart from manually hiding an image it's pulled from your collection as a major event, when in reality it's an embarrassing photo or something that you'd rather forget.
Photos can also create Memory Movies automatically from an event, so all you have to set is a title, mood, and duration. The Memory Movies you favorite are synced across your devices, enabling you to show off professional quality albums and clips on your iPhone or from a living room iPad that serves as the family album of the future. Apple already delivered the technology to recognize people, places, objects and scenes in previous versions of Photos, enabling you to do advanced searches using this AI metadata.
You can even search via Siri, such as asking "show me my photos of clowns in New York City. Additional "personalization" features now also let you identify important moments like anniversaries, birthdays, and vacations, although sometimes the machine doesn't get this perfectly correct. In particular, the intelligence that Apple is using to build Memories might end up with some surreal results. For example, Photos created an "Independence Day over the years" memory for me, which included pictures of a BBQ with friends, shots of Apple Pie, fireworks, a mysterious image of some random cars at night, and some irrelevant selfies I'd rather not see distributed widely or shared.
It would be clever if Apple could use some intelligence to segregate your scandalous photos into a personal purgatory folder that isn't used to generate Memory Movies. It would also be nice if you could identify certain specific recognized faces as being "people I don't want to see right now. My Photos library has over 80, photos, some in coherent groups and some just random ideas and experiments. Occasionally I'd see a Memory Movie suggested that was just a single random shot backed by an acoustic guitar with a Ken Burns effect applied.
In other cases, such as when viewing a series of pics I took at a music festival under the Days tab — which narrows down your shots to a selection of what it deems to be the best — Photos actually automatically created a nice video sequence that turned out really well. One of the most impressive aspects of Apple's ML intelligence magic on display in Photos is that the underlying technologies are also openly available to third parties, enabling developers to create their own intelligent apps that can analyze images, videos, text, and even read the words on signs and convert them to text to be analyzed in various ways.
Apple had a lot to say about its ML work at WWDC19, with a focus on doing all this magic while respecting users' privacy and security. So in addition to seeing "more apps" as described above, we're also going to see more intelligent apps— some of which developers already had on display months ago.
An upcoming version uses Apple's Core ML to listen to the sounds you play to provide feedback. It even uses ML video analysis to recognize your hand and finger placement while you play on camera as it teaches you the dexterity to play chords. In the same way that Apple moved from iPhotos to Photos four years ago and reverted the app's version number from 9. However, the new Music app isn't starting over from zero. It appears that the new Music is effectively a renamed and overhauled version of the same AppKit iTunes for Mac codebase.
That's actually good news because starting over from scratch generally means a lot of new bugs in all that brand new code, and often also a lot of missing features. Music features Apple Music's For You, Browse above , and Radio views; your own music library presented by Artist, Album, and Songs; optionally the iTunes Store; and your devices and playlists in the sidebar.
In Preferences, you can disable either the iTunes Store or Apple Music to tailor the Music app to fit your personal style. Your own Music Videos remain in the Music app and are now easier to find as a top item of your library below. Music Videos on Apple Music now seem far more prominent under Browse. Previously, it felt like Apple hadn't made music videos a priority in iTunes, enabling Vimeo and YouTube to serve as more popular ways to watch them.
However, this appears to be slowly changing — Apple is now commonly featuring individual videos at the top of Apple Music, along with featured new videos, its own curated music video playlists, as well as some of its own documentaries and shorts.
In the Public Beta, I had a lot of problems linking to my Apple Music account, in part because the system ran into confusion between my physical location in Europe and the fact that my account is tied to the U. I could also browse the iTunes Store, but only the Germany version.
The store region selection feature didn't work for the iTunes Store, and I couldn't even see an option for configuring my Apple Music region. That's now been fixed, allowing users to change their store region and login from anywhere. My local library items always appeared to work normally, but while I could see my attached iPhone, I couldn't consistently select it to see songs I'd manually copied over in the early betas. I'm still having problems with manually dragging songs to a mobile device, even after setting up my iPhone to "manually manage songs.
The new Music app also puts a greater emphasis on song lyrics, optionally presenting them as you listen to a song and adding a Music toolbar button dedicated to Lyrics, which were previously buried in the Up Next and playback History panel. Mojave's version of iTunes saw iterative tweaks but hadn't been radically refreshed since version And, that version was really just a streamlined refresh of the user interface introduced in iTunes 11 , which first appeared seven years ago in with Lion.
It's a bit surprising that Apple didn't address its sprawling, monolithic mess of a mega-app earlier, considering how important iTunes has been for Apple. The way people use iTunes has changed dramatically over the last 18 years, while the app itself has largely remained the same, even as it bolted on various new features. Actually, Apple did address iTunes, it just did so only on iOS. In macOS Catalina, that same task-based, distributed app overhaul is now coming to the Mac.
Other non-music features of iTunes are now delegated to standalone apps. Podcasts are obviously in the new Podcasts 1. Being its own separate app now allows Podcasts to present a sidebar of items that makes sense for managing episodic radio-like content. Your local library is presented as Recently Updated, Shows, Episodes, and Downloaded, making it easier to follow your favorites.
Podcast search is also being enhanced. Apple is creating transcriptions for all of the hundreds of thousands of audio podcasts that it lists. This will enable users to search for episodes by subject keywords, even if you don't know the name of the show or the episode. You'll also be able to search podcasts by host, guest appearances, and other metadata details.
Podcasts also uses Siri intelligence to suggest shows similar to ones you've listened to. The new Podcasts interface will be conceptually familiar to iOS users, as its based on the same underlying code, albeit with a UI retooled to make sense on a desktop computer. One advantage of Apple sharing its Podcast app code between iOS and the Mac via Catalyst is that it can more effortlessly introduce new features for both platforms at the same time.
It's hard to discern any difference in the look and feel and responsiveness of Music compared to the all-new Podcasts app above , which Apple has specifically outed as a Catalyst UIKit app sharing its core code with the iPad version.
That's also good news, especially in view of the rough edges apparent in last year's first examples of UIKIt apps on a Mac, which looked foreign and clearly ported from a different world. Oddly enough, while Apple has promised to update its Stocks, News, Voice Memos and Home apps to bring them more into line with what Mac users expect of a native app, they still appear to be unchanged in the official Catalina release.
The new Podcasts app feels much more like a Mac app, but still uses iPad-like panels rather than movable windows to display item details. Overall, however, the new Podcasts app looks and works very similar to other modern apps. Catalina's new Music and Podcasts apps look so similar that they seem sort of boring.
The chrome of both are basic whites in the Light appearance and flatly black in Dark Mode. This deference of the UI makes the app's content really pop, but there is none of the ornamentally skeuomorphic music player character of the old iTunes to be seen anywhere. Overall, both look a bit like the Finder with less sidebar vibrancy, although they feature a nice balance of color in their icons.
Perhaps that's appropriate, as we're no longer needing to associate the Mac's music app with a jukebox or physical media player that nobody really ever uses anymore. The clean lines of Music feel more like a web browser, where you're focused on the content, not the illusion of some olde-timey music playback machine. And while the Finder-like sidebar layout feels a bit formulaically simple, the minimal new layout of Music makes a lot more sense than the weirdness of iTunes with its 18 years of overloaded baggage that required modal popup menus to switch between Music, Movies, TV Shows, Podcasts, and Audiobooks.
Books 1. Now, iTunes' audiobooks and the Audiobooks Store are now more logically located in Books 2. In the initial Catalina betas, it retained the " appearance" it shared with Mojave Mac App Store that debuted alongside it. In the shipping version of Catalina, Books now has a modern appearance matching Music and Podcasts.
Books now looks a lot like Music, but the new app lacks the old iTunes' smart folders and playlists for organizing content. Books does provide Collections, which are playlist-like groupings which can be sorted by most recent, by title or manually organized. But there is no longer any way to sort your ebooks or audiobooks programmatically by rules. In Catalina, the TV app above is now coming to the Mac as the place to watch your existing iTunes video library content as well as the new ad-free streaming Channels, which vary in availability based on your geographic region.
Just like Apple TV, the new TV app in Catalina presents a Watch Now tab with curated selections and personalized recommendations based on your viewing history. There's also a Kids tab below featuring easy to navigate content for kids and teens, and a Library tab that presents your own content in a sidebar layout similar to the new Music and Podcasts.
Atmos is Dolby's advanced new form of surround sound that simulates audio in 3D space rather than just pushing different channels to right and left speakers. The T2 chip is required as it provides hardware decoding support. The new iPhone 11 Pro models also now support Dolby Atmos, using their two speakers to create a wider sound space when watching movies. The technology uses an audio virtualizer that works similar to noise-canceling mics: the left speaker cancels some of right and vice versa, creating "audio zones" that enhance dialog and broaden the virtual sound stage.
Those features are now integrated into the Finder version Most iOS users are now using iCloud to keep all their content in sync. But, if you prefer to manually sync using a cable, your device now pops up in the Finder just like any other drive under Locations in the sidebar when you plug it in. The interface looks essentially identical to the old iTunes. The General tab lets you update your device software and restore from an image or backup. You can also configure backups to occur to iCloud or locally, and setup sync to occur automatically when plugged in or manually.
The Photos tab tells you that photos are synched by iCloud, and that you can manually send images to your device "via WiFi or Cellular. The Files tab presents what was sort of confusingly called "File Sharing" in iTunes: a list of apps on your device and the documents each stored in their sandbox. The presentation of these files is even a bit wonkier and technical than it was in iTunes.
There's an Info tab that presents options to manually sync Calendar and Contacts, more of the old legacy from iPod days. Apple should clarify this entire interface to make it more understandable that this is manual sync as an option to automatic, wireless iCloud updates.
For many users, it might seem desirable to click the boxes to sync your data. Most of this should be hidden behind an interface explaining that iCloud is already configured to handle all of this. What would really be helpful is for Apple to provide a panel in the Finder that offers to clear out the cruft and fix issues with iOS devices that are too full to sync or update.
I know lots of non-technical users who have simply thrown out tons of their photos to download a new iOS update, simply because it was too hard to understand how to move files around or offload things that could enable an update to occur. Catalina's enhanced Mail app lets you manage your inbox using a trio of new management features.
When you're included in an email thread that is generating too many notifications, you can now mute the thread conversation, so you receive messages without a notification for each new email. Mail also now copies a feature from Messages that allows you to block a specific sender, sending their emails to the trash by default. You can block any address directly from an email's "From" header, ensuring that you won't get their emails in the future.
Within Mail Preferences, you also have the option to mark messages from that sender as "blocked" but leave them in your inbox. This will flag their emails with a red hand icon. You can also unblock individual emails from Preferences. If you're getting emails from a list you no longer want to receive, you can also click to unsubscribe, which will send a removal request for your email address.
The download and verification processes go through without hiccups but the update fails, getting stuck with the Apple Logo or a boot loop process. If you find yourself in this situation, the best thing to do is Force Restart your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch.
Then try to install the update again, either from the Settings or using a computer. Several users found that after updating their iPhone or iPad to the latest update, a notification required them to update their Apple ID details. The next time Apple releases a later software update than your current Beta software, you can update from the Settings as normal.
Let us know how you did it in the comments! Apple also introduced features that allow your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch to remember popular Wi-Fi networks you often connect to. Here are some of the most common reasons you may experience slow Wi-Fi or poor connection after updating to a new mobile operating system:.
Most Wi-Fi issues are easily solved via these three approaches. Try each of them and see if it solves your problem:. With this bug, users are unable to connect to a Wi-Fi network, as their iPad keeps prompting them to re-enter the password. Despite entering the correct password countless times, the iPad Air 2 never connects to Wi-Fi. There are a couple of workarounds for this: remove the password from your Wi-Fi network or erase and restore your iPad.
Removing the password from your Wi-Fi network evades this bug but also risks the security of all your devices connected to the network. Some users were able to find a middle ground here by implementing a MAC filter. Alternatively, erasing your iPad Air 2 and reinstalling the software through iTunes seems to be an effective solution.
You also need to make sure you have a backup first! AirPort users are in despair as the app repeatedly crashes on the new software. Some users say that turning Wi-Fi Scanner on in the Settings helps, but others are still at a loss. Do you know how to fix this issue? Please share it with us in the comments at the bottom of the page!
Locating all visible satellites can take several minutes, with accuracy gradually increasing over time. The rumored new R Series location co-processor in the iPhone 11 models is expected to feature ultra-wide-band technology which makes location accuracy even more precise.
These exclusive updates from Apple announced in July were provided to tackle GPS-related issues on older devices. This does not impact any devices until November 3, For those of us who use our iPads and iPhones for Photos or other media, the ability to read and process external storage is a major advantage.
The integration of external drives with your iPhone or iPad happens via the Files app, which is also revamped to meet new requirements, such as support for nested folders. Connection or access issues between the iPad or iPhone and the drive could be due to many reasons.
Power Tip 1: You can load up your movies and music onto your external storage and view or listen to them on your device without needing to copy the files thereby saving storage space on your device. We tested the SanDisk iXpand and were quite pleased with the results. Power-Tip 2: You can now backup your iPhone or iPad photos to an external drive easily. Similarly, zip and unzip functions are a breeze with the new Files app on iPadOS.
Here are some common tips to consider if you run into problems:. Sidecar is one of those features that proved to be a major motivating factor for many users to get on the iPadOS beta bandwagon. You no longer need a third-party app to achieve this and users are taking notice. Having your iPad display double up as an extra monitor for your Mac running macOS Catalina is awesome!
This brand new feature in iPadOS is easy to set up and use. If you are having issues setting up your iPad as a Sidecar display device following update to iPadOS, take a deep-dive into our detailed Sidecar troubleshooting guide. Apple includes a few new features for iMessage and FaceTime with iOS 13 and iPadOS, including eSIM and dual SIM support for both phone numbers, better searching in Messages, and a new user profile section that allows you to choose who you want to share your name or photos with.
And of course, there are new animoji faces with a mouse, an octopus, and a cow. And there are also a lot of new memoji customizations , from makeup to all types of piercings. One of the best things about iMessage is the ability to send high-quality photos to your friends and family. Lots of us have collected impressive collections of photos in our conversations, chronicling our relationships for the past few years. Worryingly though, the existing photos seem to have vanished from Messages in iOS Apple says the update to iOS Did this work for you?
Fix it today. How-To Fix It. We highlight the various choices, carrier options and other essentials in it. Regarding connection issues and other dual SIM related setups , please refer to our deep-dive guide which has been updated for iOS Most issues that showed up were primarily related to iCloud sync problems.
The best solution we found for this was turning Notes or Books on and off in iCloud, then allowing plenty of time with the respective apps open for iOS 13 or iPadOS to rescan all the content. If you see this, you are not alone. Many users are experiencing this issue following the update. It appears the root cause of this issue is around iCloud sync issues.
Reminders are taking a long time to sync across devices and from iCloud in general. Give it a day or so and hopefully, your reminder lists and items will begin populating on their own. Some users needed to wait over three days before all their Reminders returned. But they did return. We are hopeful that iOS We tried signing out of iCloud and signing back in with limited success for this issue. Some users report that when you open up your Reminders on iCloud.
Syncing Reminders to your Mac will work only after you upgrade to macOS Catalina, scheduled for release later this month. Regarding the first error surrounding server identity, the only way around it is to remove your mail account then add it back in. When viewing an email, the only options you now see are the Trash and Reply icon. There are no other icon options in the bottom row like there used to be.
Just tap that reply icon and you see all the additional email options, like reply all, forward, flag, move, archive, mark, and so forth. But for now, it is what is it is. In the meantime, why not take a look at third-party Mail apps or tell us your favorite alternatives in the comments.
Several users have reported that Apple Music does not sync and the music library is empt y after updating their device to iOS 13 or iPadOS. The good news is that your Apple Music library is not wiped out and is still with the help of a few time-consuming steps. You need to use a computer to do it. If you enjoy creating a lot of different playlists for your music, you may have noticed the artwork in the Apple Music app has changed.
A lot of users have noted that the artwork seems to be randomly selected now, without necessarily representing the songs in your playlist. You can use them to create custom, Siri-controlled functions for all manner of things on your device. Many users cleverly created Siri Shortcuts to use with CarPlay, to avoid needing to look at their iPhone screen while driving.
Let us know in the comments what you use Siri Shortcuts with CarPlay for. Did these tips help you fix it? When you try and play an episode of your favorite Podcast show, do you see an error message that says that the episode is temporarily unavailable?
In our experience, we have found that this error message primarily shows up when you have a weak Wi-Fi or cellular signal. The best way to fix this annoyance is to toggle the cellular setting for Podcasts to OFF and then ON followed by restarting the Podcasts app. Now give it a try and it should work without hiccups!
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You can even create your own commands! This fix worked for the folks when the other troubleshooting tips did not. Hopefully, this last one works for you too! For most of her professional life, Amanda Elizabeth Liz for short trained all sorts of folks on how to use media as a tool to tell their own unique stories. She knows a thing or two about teaching others and creating how-to guides! Elizabeth received her Master of Fine Arts degree in media making from Temple University, where she also taught undergrads as an adjunct faculty member in their department of Film and Media Arts.
Contents 0. Use Voice Control instead of Enhanced Dictation. Elizabeth Jones Content Producer. Is your mouse or trackpad not working with your iPad…. The Betting Assistant Error error may be caused by windows system files damage. The corrupted system files entries can be a real threat to the well being of your computer. There can be many events which may have resulted in the system files errors.
An incomplete installation, an incomplete uninstall, improper deletion of applications or hardware. All the above actives may result in the deletion or corruption of the entries in the windows system files. This corrupted system file will lead to the missing and wrongly linked information and files needed for the proper working of the application.
This tool will scan and diagnose, then repairs, your PC with patent pending technology that fix your windows operating system registry structure. How to fix Betting Assistant Error Error? Personal tools. Namespaces Article. All rights reserved. Disclaimer: This website is not affiliated with Wikipedia and should not be confused with the website of Wikipedia, which can be found at Wikipedia.
This website should be used for informational purposes only. Click ' Fix All ' and you're done!
The PSB Bet Selector has HorsePlay is designed to assist with all your horse racing needs, from selection, to betting and money management. Support And assistance on b. Microsoft's Update Assistant and Windows Enter your Awesome Miner Wizard Assistant Step The question Cortana voice assistant. Windows Windows Mac.
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